The day before passover was the thirteenth day of the month and in the evening of the thirteenth day Yahshua had the last supper with his disciples. The following scriptures show this to be the case.
1 Now before the Feast of the Passover, when Yahshua knew that His hour had come that He should depart from this world to the Father, having loved His own who were in the world, He loved them to the end.
2 And supper being ended, the devil having already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon’s son, to betray Him,
3 Yahshua, knowing that the Father had given all things into His hands, and that He had come from Elohim and was going to Elohim,
4 rose from supper and laid aside His garments, took a towel and girded Himself.
5 After that, He poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples’ feet, and to wipe themwith the towel with which He was girded.
John shows that the last supper took place on the same night in which Judas Iscariot betrayed Yahushua and that this occurred before the feast of the Passover. We find reiterated in John that these things took place before the Passover.
21 When Yahushua had said these things, He was troubled in spirit, and testified and said, “Most assuredly, I say to you, one of you will betray Me.
” 22 Then the disciples looked at one another, perplexed about whom He spoke.
23 Now there was leaning on Yahushua’s bosom one of His disciples, whom Yahushua loved.
24 Simon Peter therefore motioned to him to ask who it was of whom He spoke.
25 Then, leaning back on Yahushua’s breast, he said to Him, “Lord, who is it?”
26 Yahushua answered, “It is he to whom I shall give a piece of bread when I have dipped it.” And having dipped the bread, He gave it to Judas Iscariot, the son of Simon.
27 Now after the piece of bread, Satan entered him. Then Yahushua said to him, “What you do, do quickly.”
28 But no one at the table knew for what reason He said this to him.
29 For some thought, because Judas had the money box, that Yahushua had said to him, “Buy those things we need for the feast,” or that he should give something to the poor.
When we get to John 17, we see Yahushua being arrested at night upon the 13th day. The Pharisees and Priests came with the troops and officers with lanterns and torches.
3 Then Judas, having received a detachment of troops, and officers from the chief priests and Pharisees came there with lanterns, torches, and weapons.
4 Yahshua therefore, knowing all things that would come upon Him, went forward and said to them, “Whom are you seeking?”
5 They answered Him, “Yahshua of Nazareth.”
Yahshua said to them, “I am He.” And Judas, who betrayed Him, also stood with them.
6 Now when He said to them, “I am He,” they drew back and fell to the ground.
In John 18. we see Yahshua being trialed the next morning, the 14th day and upon this day we see twice that it was the day of the passover.
28 Then they led Yahshua from Caiaphas to the Praetorium, and it was early morning. But they themselves did not go into the Praetorium, lest they should be defiled, but that they might eat the Passover.
29 Pilate then went out to them and said, “What accusation do you bring against this Man?”
39 “But you have a custom that I should release someone to you at the Passover. Do you therefore want me to release to you the King of the Jews?”
Yahshua was crucified upon the evening of the fourteenth day. This day was known as Passover.
6 Now you shall keep it until the fourteenth day of the same month. Then the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it at twilight.
11 And thus you shall eat it: with a belt on your waist, your sandals on your feet, and your staff in your hand. So you shall eat it in haste. It is Yahuwah’s Passover.You may also note that at the last supper, there was no lamb eaten, for this was not the passover.
4 ‘These are the feasts of Yahuwah, holy convocations which you shall proclaim at their appointed times.
5 On the fourteenth day of the first month at twilight is Yahuwah’s Passover.
1 Now Yahuwah spoke to Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they had come out of the land of Egypt, saying:
2 “Let the children of Israel keep the Passover at its appointed time.
3 On the fourteenth day of this month, at twilight, you shall keep it at its appointed time. According to all its rites and ceremonies you shall keep it.”
16 ‘On the fourteenth day of the first month is the Passover of Yahuwah.
10 Now the children of Israel camped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight on the plains of Jericho.
19 And the descendants of the captivity kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the first month
2 Chronicles 35:1
1 Now Josiah kept a Passover to Yahuwah in Jerusalem, and they slaughtered the Passover lambs on the fourteenth day of the first month.
21 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month, you shall observe the Passover
Even Pilate pointed out that it was the day known as Passover when he was to be crucified,which was the fourteenth day of the first month.
14 Now it was the Preparation Day of the Passover, and about the sixth hour. And he said to the Jews, “Behold your King!”
And scripture confirms He was our Passover and that Passover is always the day before the Sabbath:
1 Corinthians 5:7
Therefore purge out the old leaven, that you may be a new lump, since you truly are unleavened. For indeed Yahshua, our Passover, was sacrificed for us.
That day was the Preparation, and the Sabbath drew near.
What was the day after the fourteenth day of Passover? It was the fifteenth day of the first month and was also the seventh day Sabbath – A day of rest.
42 Now when evening had come, because it was the Preparation Day, that is, the day before the Sabbath….
Then they returned and prepared spices and fragrant oils. And they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment. (Which is the fourth commandment)
Therefore, because it was the Preparation Day, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a high day), the Jews asked Pilate that their legs might be broken, and that they might be taken away.
Why was it a High Sabbath?
Because it was the Sabbath which also fell upon the fifteenth day of the month, is the same day as the appointed time of unleavened bread started.
So what was the day after the Sabbath? It was the first day of the week and it was the third day upon which he rose.
It was the day He told us Himself that He rose.
Luke 24:14-17, 21
14 And they talked together of all these things which had happened.
15 So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Yahshua Himself drew near and went with them.
16 But their eyes were restrained, so that they did not know Him.
17 And He said to them, “What kind of conversation is this that you have with one another as you walk and are sad?”
21 But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things happened.
And scripture testifies that the third day was the first day of the count towards the Sabbath. It was the first day of the week.
Therefore command that the tomb be made secure until the third day, lest His disciples come by night and steal Him away, and say to the people, ‘He has risen from the dead.’ So the last deception will be worse than the first.”
Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb.
1 Now when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, that they might come and anoint Him. 2 Very early in the morning, on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen.
Now when He rose early on the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven demons.
Now on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they, and certain other women with them, came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared.
1 Now on the first day of the week Mary Magdalene went to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb.
Then, the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Yashua came and stood in the midst, and said to them, “Peace be with you.”
Both scripture and Yahshua Himself testify He would rise upon the third day
From that time Yahshua began to show to His disciples that He must go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.
and they will kill Him, and the third day He will be raised up.” And they were exceedingly sorrowful.
and deliver Him to the Gentiles to mock and to scourge and to crucify. And the third day He will rise again.”
For He taught His disciples and said to them, “The Son of Man is being betrayed into the hands of men, and they will kill Him. And after He is killed, He will rise the third day.”
and they will mock Him, and scourge Him, and spit on Him, and kill Him. And the third day He will rise again.”
saying, “The Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day.”
They will scourge Him and kill Him. And the third day He will rise again.”
saying, ‘The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again
The day of first fruits was the day Yahshua rose and this was the third day, the 16th day of the month.
– the day after the Sabbath.
9 And Yahuwah spoke to Moses, saying,
10 “Speak to the children of Israel, and say to them: ‘When you come into the land which I give to you, and reap its harvest, then you shall bring a sheaf of the first fruits of your harvest to the priest.
11 He shall wave the sheaf before the Yahuwah, to be accepted on your behalf; on the day after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it.
(The Sabbath was upon the 15th – the day after was the 16th)
10 Now the children of Israel camped in Gilgal, and kept the Passover on the fourteenth day of the month at twilight on the plains of Jericho.
11 And they ate of the produce of the land on the day after the Passover (the 15th a Sabbath – the first day of unleavened bread), unleavened bread and parched grain, on the very same day.
12 Then the manna ceased on the day after they had eaten the produce (the 16th the first day of the week) of the land; and the children of Israel no longer had manna, but they ate the fruit of the land of Canaan that year.
1 Corinthians 15:12-23
12 Now if Yahshua be preached that he rose from the dead, how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead?
13 But if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Yahshua not risen:
14 And if Yahshua be not risen, then is our preaching vain, and your faith is also vain.
15 Yea, and we are found false witnesses of YHWH; because we have testified of YHWH that he raised up Yahshua: whom he raised not up, if so be that the dead rise not.
16 For if the dead rise not, then is not Yahshua raised:
17 And if Yahshua be not raised, your faith is vain; ye are yet in your sins.
18 Then they also which are fallen asleep in Yahshua are perished.
19 If in this life only we have hope in Yahshua, we are of all men most miserable.
20 But now is Yahshua risen from the dead, and become the firstfruits of them that slept.
21 For since by man came death, by man came also the resurrection of the dead.
22 For as in Adam all die, even so in Yahshua shall all be made alive.
23 But every man in his own order: Yahshua the first fruits; afterward they that are Yahshua’s at his coming.
And there you have it. The 14th He was crucified. The 15th was the Sabbath. The 16th was first fruits and was the first day of the week.
And each and every date here is not found upon the gregorian calendar, but instead is found upon the calendar in scripture which uses the sun, the moon and the stars.
So what about the single prophecy many people like to quote which speaks of three days and three nights. Many people (not all) who use this prophecy as a timeline of Yahshua’s crucifiction, start the day in darkness, and not in Light.
Starting with the first two words of scripture, we are shown that Light always comes first, then darkness. This article covers this subject.
The prophecy which is the only one found in scripture which refers to three days and three nights has something in it which most people simply ignore. That is WHO that prophecy was given to.
Let me explain. In Revelation for example, we see prophecy given. In many situations, it speaks of the destruction of the wicked. That is it is not speaking to the righteous, but instead is given as a warning to those who are wicked. Now with that in mind, lets take a look at the prophecy spoken of in Matthew 12. While reading this I want you to think about WHO it is addressed to. Is it addressed to the righteous or to the wicked. Then I want you to think about WHY it is addressed to the group you select.
38 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee.
39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it (the evil and adulterous generation), but the sign of the prophet Jonas:
40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here.
So what is the heart of the earth? Many people assume it is the grave. But scripture itself testifies that it is Jerusalem not the grave.
Thus saith the Yahuwah Elohim; This is Jerusalem which I have set it in the midst of the nations and countries that are round about her.
For Elohim is my Sovereign from old, working deliverance from the midst of the earth.
to take plunder and to take body, to stretch out your hand against the waste places that are again inhabited, and against a people gathered from the nations, acquiring livestock and goods, who dwell in the midst of the earth.
And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which my people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end thou mayest know that I am Yahuwah in the midst H7130of the earth
15 Then Jacob (Israel) blessed Joseph, and said,
“The Elohim before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked [in faithful obedience],
The Elohim who has been my Shepherd [leading and caring for me] all my life to this day,
16 The Angel who has redeemed me [continually] from all evil,
Bless the boys;
And may my name live on in them [may they be worthy of having their names linked with mine],
And the names of my fathers Abraham and Isaac;
And may they grow into a [great] multitude in the midst of the earth.”
The three days and three nights counts from the morning of the 11th through to the evening of the 13th.
11th day, 11th night
12th day, 12th night
13th day, 13th night
The 10th day was for the collection of the lamb. The 11th day to the 13th day was for the examination of the Lamb. This is the time being spoken about, when the wicked would rise in judgement and condemn Yahshua the one who told them to repent.
Many false witnesses (the wicked) came to condemned Yahshua, and because the wicked did not understand what He said, they crucified our Saviour, thus fulfilling the three days and three nights prophecy provided to the wicked.
Matthew 26:57, 59-61, 67-68
57 And those who had seized Yahshua led Him away to Caiaphas the High Priest, where the scribes and the elders were gathered together.
59 And the Chief Priests, and the elders, and all the council were seeking false witness against Yahshua to put Him to death,
60 but found non. Although many false witnesses came forward, they found none. But at last two false witnesses came forward
61 and said “This one said, I am able to destroy the Temple of Elohim and build it in three days.”
67 Then they spat in His face and beat Him; and others struck Him with the palms of their hands,
68 saying, “Prophesy to us, Christ! Who is the one who struck You?”
You see this sign was given to those who would persecute Yahushua. The hypocrites.
It was not given to the righteous. The wicked were seeking a sign and in Matthew 16, Yahushua again repeats the same thing to the Pharisees and the Sadducees – the sign which they themselves would fulfill.
1 Then the Pharisees and Sadducees came, and testing Him asked that He would show them a sign from heaven.
2 He answered and said to them, “When it is evening you say, ‘It will be fair weather, for the sky is red’;
3 and in the morning, ‘It will be foul weather today, for the sky is red and threatening.’ Hypocrites! You know how to discern the face of the sky, but you cannot discern the signs of the times.
4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah.” And He left them and departed.
5 Now when His disciples had come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread.
6 Then Yahushua said to them, “Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees.”
I have been praying about this matter. It really has come to light for me about citation. do I have, On the thirteen a memorial or what do I do. or how do you your Passover. I am a lunar solar keeper. I have brother of the Lunar Shabbat. he calls the thirteen a master’s supper. so I prayed and asked Yahuwah to show me more. May Yahuwah Bless and keep you in his care. Mary Ann, an old lady.
The last supper was held the day before Passover. That is the 13th. The 14th was when passover was held and it was the day that the lamb died.