What is a covenant?
A covenant is an agreement between Yahuwah and man. In the original language, it is the word beriyth (H1285) which comes from the word barah (H1262) which means to eat or consume something. The word refers to a cutting away like where we spilt something in two just like the word bara (H1254).
Beriyth (H1285) –
Bara (H1254) –
This sign is given to Abraham in Genesis 15:9-17
9 So Elohim said to him, “Bring Me a three-year-old heifer, a three-year-old female goat, a three-year-old ram, a turtledove, and a young pigeon.”
10 So Abram brought all these to Him and cut them down the middle, and laid each half opposite the other; but he did not cut the birds.
11 The birds of prey swooped down on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.
12 When the sun was setting, a deep sleep overcame Abram; and a horror (terror, shuddering fear, nightmare) of great darkness overcame him.
13 Elohim said to Abram, “Know for sure that your descendants will be strangers [living temporarily] in a land (Egypt) that is not theirs, where they will be enslaved and oppressed for four hundred years.
14 But on that nation whom your descendants will serve I will bring judgment, and afterward they will come out [of that land] with great possessions.
15 As for you, you shall [die and] go to your fathers in peace; you shall be buried at a good old age.
16 Then in the fourth generation your descendants shall return here [to Canaan, the land of promise], for the wickedness and guilt of the Amorites is not yet complete (finished).”
17 When the sun had gone down and a [deep] darkness had come, there appeared a smoking brazier and a flaming torch which passed between the [divided] pieces [of the animals].
18 On the same day Elohim made a covenant (promise, pledge) with Abram…
We see the same splitting of the animals in Jeremiah 34.
18 The men who have violated My covenant, who have not kept the terms of the solemn pledge which they made before Me when they split the calf in half, and then afterwards walked between its separated pieces [sealing their pledge to Me by placing a curse on themselves should they violate the covenant—those men I will make like the calf]!
19 The princes of Judah, the princes of Jerusalem, the high officials, the priests, and all the people of the land who passed between the parts of the calf,
20 I will give into the hand of their enemies and into the hand of those who seek their lives. And [like the body of the calf] their dead bodies will be food for the birds of the sky and the beasts of the earth.
When the people broke His covenant the result was to be like the animals who were split in two.
In Exodus 19:5-6 we are told if we should keep His covenant we shall be a kingdom of Priests. A Priest is Righteous. (Melki Zadek – a worth while study on this subject)
5 Now therefore, if you will in fact obey My voice and keep My covenant (agreement), then you shall be My own special possession and treasure from among all peoples [of the world], for all the earth is Mine;
6 and you shall be to Me a kingdom of priests and a holy nation [set apart for My purpose].’ These are the words that you shall speak to the Israelites.”
Here he tells us that He shall provide His covenant to us all.
7 I will establish My covenant between Me and you and your seed after you throughout their generations for an everlasting covenant, to be your Elohim to you and to your dseed after you.
The blood is then separated into two lots and part is sprinkled upon the altar and the other part is sprinkled upon the people.
5 Then he sent young Israelite men, and they offered burnt offerings and sacrificed young bulls as peace offerings to Elohim.
6 Moses took half of the blood and put it in large basins, and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.
– The agreement by the people –
7 Then he took the Book of the Covenant and read it aloud to the people; and they said, “Everything that Elohim has said we will do, and we will be obedient.”
8 So Moses took the blood and sprinkled it on the people, and said, “Behold the blood of the covenant, which Elohim has made with you in accordance with all these words.” (the words of the ten commandments)
The blood would become the blood of the son. The blood of the I AM who saves. For the covenant made with IsraEl, an everlasting covenant.
9 The covenant which He made with Abraham,
And His sworn oath to Isaac (IsraEl),
10 Which He confirmed to Jacob as a statute,
To Israel as an everlasting covenant.
And this was spoken by Jeremiah to the people in Jerusalem.
3 Say to them, ‘Thus says Yahuwah, the Elohim of IsraEl, “Cursed is the man who does not heed the words of this covenant
4 which I commanded your fathers at the time that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying, ‘Listen to My voice and do according to all that I command you. So you shall be My people, and I will be your Elohim,’
We need to keep the terms of His covenant. If we do not keep the words of His covenant we move outside of His covenant and are subject to the penalty the contract stipulates…which was death. The terms of the covenant were the ten commandments.
James tells us that if we stumble over one point of the law, we become guilty of breaking it all. How? He tells us that His commandments are summed up by two rules. Love Him and love our fellow man. If we break one of the first four commandments we are not showing our love for Him. If we break one of the last six commandments we are not loving out fellow man. And likewise, if we are not loving our fellow man who loves Yahuwah we are not loving Yahuwah. If we do not love Yahuwah, then we cannot love our fellow man as Yahuwah created them.
10 For whoever keeps the whole Law but stumbles in one point, he has become guilty of [breaking] all of it.
The Sabbath was a commandment we were to keep. For those who do not keep it the result was death. The Sabbath day was to be a sign.
12 And Elohim said to Moses,
13 “But as for you, say to the Israelites, ‘You shall most certainly observe My Sabbaths, for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations, so that you may know and acknowledge that I am Yahuwah who sanctifies you and sets you apart [for Myself].
14 Therefore, you shall keep the Sabbath, for it is holy to you. Everyone who profanes it must be put to death; for whoever does work on the Sabbath, that person (soul) shall be cut off from among his people [excluding him from the atonement made for them].
15 For six days work may be done, but the seventh is the Sabbath of complete rest, sacred to Yahuwah; whoever does work on the Sabbath day must be put to death.
16 So the Israelites shall observe the Sabbath, to celebrate the Sabbath throughout their generations as an everlasting covenant.’
17 It is a sign between Me and the Israelites forever; for in six days Elohim made the heavens and the earth, and on the seventh day He ceased and was refreshed.”
We learn in Genesis 1:14 how the signs were to be given.
14 Then Elohim said, “Let there be light-bearers (sun, moon, stars) in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night, and let them be used for signs, and for marking appointed times, days, and years;
We learn in Isaiah 56:6 that the promise was given to all who observe His Sabbaths.
6“Also the foreigners who join themselves to Yahuwah,
To minister to Him, and to love the name of Yahuwah,
To be His servants, everyone who keeps the Sabbath without profaning it
And holds fast to My covenant;
And we see that Yahushua was sent only to find the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
24 He answered, “I was commissioned by Elohim and sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.”
So who is Israel?
6 However, it is not as though Elohim’s word has failed. For not all who are descended from Israel (Jacob) are [the true] Israel;
7 and they are not all the children of Abraham because they are his descendants [by blood], but [the promise was]: “Your descendants will be named through (the name of) Isaac”.
8 That is, it is not the children of the body [Abraham’s natural descendants] who are Elohim’s children, but it is the children of the promise who are counted as [Abraham’s true] descendants.
And who are these children who shall be named through Isaac (who was named Israel) ?
26 For you are all children of Elohim through faith in Yahushua the Messiah.
27 For all of you who were baptised into the Messiah have clothed yourselves with the Messiah.
28 There is [now no distinction in regard to salvation] neither Jew nor Greek, there is neither slave nor free, there is neither male nor female; for you [who believe] are all one in Yahushua the Messiah.
29 And if you belong to the Messiah [if you are in Him], then you are Abraham’s descendants, and [spiritual] heirs according to the promise.
and the promise was…
1 John 2:25
25 This is the promise which He Himself promised us—eternal life.